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Based on popular diabetes website here are the symptoms of diabetes:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Fatigue
  3. Increased hunger
  4. Increased thirst and urination
  5. Unhealable sores
  6. Tingling or numbness in feet or hands
  7. Unexplained weight loss

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are prone to show up early. Whereas, symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop over time. Some patients suffering from type 2 diabetes shows no symptoms.

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed when your immune system is indulged in fighting the infection, attacks, and ruins the insulin secreting beta cells of the pancreas. Experts conclude that type 1 diabetes takes place by genetic and environmental factors like viruses that tend to trigger this condition.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

  1. Excess weight, obesity, and lack of activity

Type 2 diabetes in common in those who are physically inactive, are overweight or obese. Excess weight can cause insulin resistance. The body fat location is also a factor. Excess belly fat is associated with IR, type 2 diabetes, heart, and blood vessel disease.

  1. Insulin resistance

Type 2 diabetes takes place with insulin resistance. IR is a condition in which liver, muscles, and fat cells stop using the best of insulin. Consequently, your body will require more insulin to aid the glucose permeate the cells. Firstly, pancreas will produce more insulin to keep up with the requirement. Over time, when the pancreas is not able to produce much insulin, your blood sugar level will rise.

  1. Genetic factors

The condition is prone to run in families and takes place more often in the following ethnic groups:

  1. African Americans
  2. Alaska
  3. Natives American
  4. Indians
  5. Asian Americans
  6. Hispanics/Latinos
  7. Native Hawaiians
  8. Pacific Islanders

Genes also raise the risk of type 2 diabetes by making the person obese or overweight.

Other causes of Diabetes

  1. Genetic Mutations
  • Monogenic diabetes: this is caused by mutations or alterations in a single gene. The most common kinds of monogenic diabetes are neonatal diabetes and maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY).
  • Cystic fibrosis: In this, thick mucus is produced that scars the pancreas. This in turn prevents the pancreas to produce more insulin
  1. Hormonal diseases like Cushing’s syndrome, acromegaly, and hyperthyroidism.
  2. Damage or removal of pancreas.
  3. Medicines like niacin, diuretics or water pills, anti-seizure drugs, psychiatric drugs, pentamidine etc.

Gyles Hanley

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